Factsheet: CGT bij stemmen horen

Stemmen horen (auditief-verbale hallucinaties) is een klacht die niet alleen bij psychose voorkomt, maar ook bij PTSS, borderline persoonlijkheidsstoornis, depressie, en meer. In deze factsheet lees je meer over cognitieve gedragstherapie bij stemmen horen.  

Deze factsheet is tot stand gekomen met dank aan Tonnie Staring. 



  • Bartels-Velthuis, A. A., Wigman, J. T., Jenner, J. A., Bruggeman, R., & van Os, J. (2016). Course of auditory vocal hallucinations in childhood: 11-year follow-up study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12571 
  • Crompton, L., Lahav, Y., & Solomon, Z. (2016). Auditory hallucinations and PTSD in ex-pows. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation : The Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD).https://doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2016.1267682 
  • Fujita, J., Takahashi, Y., Nishida, A., Okumura, Y., Ando, S., Kawano, M., . . . Arai, T. (2015). Auditory verbal hallucinations increase the risk for suicide attempts in adolescents with suicidal ideation. Schizophrenia Research.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2015.07.028 
  • Johns, L. C., Kompus, K., Connell, M., Humpston, C., Lincoln, T. M., Longden, E., . . . Larøi, F. (2014). Auditory verbal hallucinations in persons with and without a need for care. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40 Suppl 4, S255-64. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbu005 
  • McCarthy-Jones, S., & Longden, E. (2015). Auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia and post-traumatic stress disorder: Common phenomenology, common cause, common interventions? Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1071. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01071 
  • McGrath, J. J., Saha, S., Hamzawi, A. A., Alonso, J., & Bromet, E. J. (2015). Psychotic experiences in the general population – a cross-national analysis based on 31261 respondents from 18 countries. JAMA Psychiatry, published online. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2015.0575 
  • Merrett, Z., Rossell, S. L., & Castle, D. J. (2016). Comparing the experience of voices in borderline personality disorder with the experience of voices in a psychotic disorder: A systematic review. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry.https://doi.org/10.1177/0004867416632595 
  • Nygaard, M., Sonne, C., & Carlsson, J. (2017). Secondary psychotic features in refugees diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Psychiatry, 17(1), 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-1166-1 
  • Toh, W. L., Thomas, N., & Rossell, S. L. (2015). Auditory verbal hallucinations in bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD): A systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 184, 18-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.05.040 
  • Trower, P., Birchwood, M., Meaden, A., Byrne, S., Nelson, A., & Ross, K. (2004). Cognitive therapy for command hallucinations: Randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry : The Journal of Mental Science, 184(4), 312-320. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.184.4.312 
  • Van der Gaag, M., Staring, T., Van den Berg, D., & Baas, J. (2013). Gedachten uitpluizen. Cognitief gedragstherapeutische protocollen bij psychotische klachten (3 ed.). Oegstgeest: Stichting Cognitie en Psychose. 
  • van der Gaag, M., Valmaggia, L. R., & Smit, F. (2014). The effects of individually tailored formulation-based cognitive behavioural therapy in auditory hallucinations and delusions: A meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 156(1), 30-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2014.03.016 

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